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Underwood and Underwood World War I press photographs

 Collection
Identifier: C0502

Scope and Content

Over one hundred photographs from the Underwood and Underwood photography agency of scenes from World War I in Europe, the United States, Asia, and the Middle East. All photographs were taken between 1917 - 1918. The majority of the photographs depict soldiers of various nationalities during and training for combat. Other photographs depict the the war effort and recruitment of soldiers. Notably, there are a few photographs of soldiers of color, including Seminole soldiers training under the United States army and Indian soldiers training under Great Britain. A handful of photographs depict civilian life in the United States during the time period.

Dates

  • 1917-1918

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions.

Use Restrictions

Public Domain. There are no known restrictions.

Historical Note

Underwood and Underwood (also written as Underwood & Underwood) was a large American photography agency founded by brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood in 1882. Originally based in Ottawa, Kansas, they relocated the business first to Baltimore, Maryland, and eventually to New York City, New York in 1891. Known for their massively popular stereograph photography, the company eventually took up photojournalism and entertainment photography to great success.

World War I, or the Great War as it was known at the time, was an international conflict that lasted from 1914 - 1918. The war affected nearly all European countries, as well as the United States and many others across the globe. According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, "[t]he war was virtually unprecedented in the slaughter, carnage, and destruction it caused." At its essence a conflict between the "Allies" (France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and the United States) and the "Central Powers" (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey), World War I ended on November 11, 1918 when the armistice between Germany and the Allies took place. Over 40 million people died as casualties of the war.

Extent

0.5 Linear Feet (1 box, 101 photographs)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

Over one hundred photographs from the Underwood and Underwood photography agency of scenes from World War I in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and the United States, taken from 1917 - 1918. The majority of the photographs depict soldiers of various nationalities during and training for combat, as well as the war effort and civilian life in the United States.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged chronologically.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

The photographs in this collection are attached to small paper descriptions with adhesive. These paper descriptions are brittle and acidic, and are folded from the verso of the photograph to the recto.

Acquisition Information

Purchased from Caroliniana Rare Books by Lynn Eaton in June 2019.

Related Materials

The Special Collections Research Center holds other materials on World War I, including the Gustav Klemp World War I German graphic materials collection.

Case Western Reserve University also holds World War I photographs taken by Underwood and Underwood.

A number of other archival repositories, including the Smithsonian Institution, University of California, Riverside, and Brigham Young University, hold collections of Underwood and Underwood photography.

Bibliography

"Biographical/Historical[.]" Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. https://sova.si.edu/record/NMAH.AC.0143.

Royde-Smith, J. Graham and Showalter, Dennis E. "World War I." Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed May 27, 2022. https://www.britannica.com/event/World-War-I.

"Underwood and Underwood[.]" Broadway Photographs, accessed May 27, 2022. https://broadway.cas.sc.edu/content/underwood-and-underwood

Processing Information

Processing completed by Amanda Brent in June 2022. Finding aid completed by Amanda Brent in June 2022.

Title
Guide to Underwood and Underwood World War I press photographs
Subtitle
Underwood and Underwood World War I press photographs
Status
Completed
Author
Amanda Brent
Date
May 27, 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections Research Center Repository

Contact:
Fenwick Library, MS2FL
4400 University Dr.
Fairfax Virginia 22030 United States
703-993-2220
703-993-8911 (Fax)