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"Discrimination in Administration of Military Justice" report for the Commanding General, 199th Infantry Brigade

 Collection
Identifier: C0384

Scope and Content

Content Warning: Contains racist language.

A nine-page report, or "Fact Sheet," for the commanding General of the 199th Infantry Brigade, deployed during the Vietnam War. The sheet provides statistics and information regarding racial bias against Black soldiers in military judicial action within the Brigade between April - September 1968. The fact sheet was "Submitted by SJA" and the Project Officer is listed as Cpt Donald P. Kirkpatrick.

According to dealer notes, the Brigadier General was Frederick Ellis Davidson, the third Black general to serve in the U.S. Army.

Dates

  • October 15, 1968

Access Restrictions

There are no access restrictions.

Use Restrictions

The copyright and related rights status of this collection have not been evaluated (See http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/CNE/1.0/)

Historical Information

The Vietnam War, which lasted from 1954 - 1975, was a conflict between the Communist North Vietnam and U.S.-allied South Vietnam. U.S. forces assisted South Vietnam - also known at the Viet Cong - in their effort to fight against North Vietnam. The Vietnam War and its protest indelibly changed the culture of the United States, Vietnam, and the world as a whole. Millions of Vietnamese civilians and soldiers died due to the conflict, and over 58,000 U.S. soldiers died or were lost serving in it. Vietnam re-unified in 1975, ending the war.

The Vietnam War was the first racially integrated U.S. conflict. According to a Time Magazine article, "In 1964, American troops began arriving in Vietnam in large numbers following the Gulf of Tonkin incident, with the new integration policies a source of optimism. But many Black soldiers were immediately faced with discrimination and racism during basic training, which typically took place in the Jim Crow south. 'Although we’re talking about an era after the Civil Rights Act, officers and soldiers had deep Southern racist roots,' [Professor Hasan Kwame] Jeffries says. 'The racism was there: it was real and felt between soldiers.' These structures persisted overseas, even if Black and white soldiers had to fight side-by-side." The overwhelming sense among Black soldiers was a resistence to serve the United States, a country that had done little to protect their civil rights and to quash systemic racism.

Extent

.01 Linear Feet (1 item)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

Content Warning: Contains racist language.

A nine-page report, or "Fact Sheet," for the commanding General of the 199th Infantry Brigade, deployed during the Vietnam War. The sheet provides statistics and information regarding racial bias against Black soldiers in military judicial action within the Brigade between April - September 1968.

Arrangement

This is a single item collection.

Physical Location

R 72, C 3, S 4

Acquisition Information

Purchased by Lynn Eaton from Read'Em Again Books (now Paper Americana) in May 2019.

Related Materials

The Special Collections Research Center holds many other collections and materials on the Vietnam War.

Bibliography

Bates, Josiah; Chow, Andrew R. "As Da 5 Bloods Hits Netflix, Black Vietnam Veterans Recall the Real Injustices They Faced During and After the War[.]" Time Magazine, June 12, 2020. https://time.com/5852476/da-5-bloods-black-vietnam-veterans/.

Spector, R. H.. "Vietnam War." Encyclopedia Britannica, accessed August 1, 2022. https://www.britannica.com/event/Vietnam-War.

Thompson, Erica. "Serving without 'equal opportunity': Vietnam veterans faced racism at home and abroad[.]" The Columbus Dispatch, December 3, 2020. https://www.dispatch.com/in-depth/news/2020/12/03/black-vietnam-veterans-systemic-racism-military/3627846001/.

Processing Information

Processing completed by Amanda Brent in August 2022. Finding aid completed by Amanda Brent in August 2022.

Title
Guide to "Discrimination in Administration of Military Justice" report for the Commanding General, 199th Infantry Brigade
Subtitle
"Discrimination in Administration of Military Justice" report for the Commanding General, 199th Infantry Brigade
Status
Completed
Author
Amanda Brent
Date
July 29, 2022
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections Research Center Repository

Contact:
Fenwick Library, MS2FL
4400 University Dr.
Fairfax Virginia 22030 United States
703-993-2220
703-993-8911 (Fax)