Letter to Hon. C. James Faulkner from Gideon G. Westcott, John Robbins, Jr., and James R. Ludlow
Scope and Content
A single letter sent to the Hon. C. James Faulkner from Gideon G. Westcott, John Robbins, Jr., and James R. Ludlow inviting him to speak at a celebration planned by the Pennsylvania Democrats on September 17, 1856 for the 68th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution. In the letter Westcott, Robbins, and Sudlow, representing the Democrats of the Eastern & Northern Counties of Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia, assert that the Democrats are the only party to abide by and defend the Constitution, in contrast to the Republican and Whig parties.
- Creation: September 14, 1855
- Westcott, Gideon G. (Person)
- Robbins, John, 1808-1880 (Person)
- Ludlow, James R. (James Reily), 1825-1886 (Person)
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Biographical and Historical Information
The Democratic party is the United States’ oldest existing political party, with its origins tracing back to Thomas Jefferson’s Democratic-Republican party. Most agree that the modern Democratic party emerged with Andrew Jackson’s successful campaign for president in 1828, when he led a group of Democratic-Republicans in splintering to form the Democratic Party. During the years leading up to the Civil War, the party’s ideology stressed states’ rights and low government spending. By 1860 the issue of slavery would come to divide the Democratic party, helping Abraham Lincoln’s newly formed Republican party win the presidency.
Charles James Faulkner (also known as C. James Faulkner) was born on July 2, 1806 in Martinsburg, in what is now West Virginia, to James Faulkner, an Irish immigrant merchant, and Sally (also known as Sarah) Mackey Faulkner. He was likely named James F. Faulkner at birth and began using the name Charles James Faulkner in young adulthood. Faulkner was a member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850-1851 and served in the House of Representatives from 1851-1859, initially as a member of the Whig party before switching parties and becoming a Democrat in 1853. He died on November 1, 1884 and is buried in his family plot in Martinsburg’s Norbourne Parish Cemetery.
Gideon G. Westcott was born circa 1810. He was a member of the Pennsylvania Democratic party and served as Postmaster of Philadelphia from 1857-1859. He died circa 1889 and is buried in Philadelphia’s Woodlands Cemetery.
John Robbins, Jr. was born in 1808. He was a member of the Pennsylvania Democratic party and served as a member of the 31st-33rd Congresses from 1849-1855. He died on April 27, 1880 and is buried in Philadelphia’s Laurel Hill Cemetery.
James R. Ludlow was born on May 3, 1825. In 1857 he was nominated by the Pennsylvania Democratic party to serve on the bench of the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas for an initial 10 year term, and was reelected for a subsequent 2nd and 3rd term in 1867 and 1877. In 1873, he assumed the role of President Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, No. 3 following the adoption of the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1874. He died on September 20, 1886 and is buried in Philadelphia’s Woodlands Cemetery.
.01 Linear Feet (1 folder)
Language of Materials
A single letter sent to the Hon. C. James Faulkner from Gideon G. Westcott, John Robbins, Jr., and James R. Ludlow inviting him to speak at a celebration planned by the Pennsylvania Democrats for the 68th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution.
This is a single item collection.
R 72, C 3, S 6
Purchased by Special Collections Research Center, date unknown.
“Democratic Party History.” 1997. CNN: AllPolitics. 1997. https://edition.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1996/conventions/chicago/facts/history/index.shtml.
"Gideon Granger Westcott (1808-1889)." n.d. Find a Grave. Accessed August 18, 2023. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/137277344/gideon-granger-westcott.
“Hon James Ryley Ludlow (1825-1886).” n.d. Find a Grave. Accessed August 18, 2023. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/86175763/james-ryley-ludlow.
“James R. Ludlow Portrait, 1876.” n.d. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. https://discover.hsp.org/Record/dc-13770/Description#tabnav.
Kestenbaum, Lawrence. 2023. “Index to Politicians: Westcote to Westnedge.” The Political Graveyard. 2023. https://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/westcott-westmoreland.html.
Tarter, Brent. 2016. “Charles James Faulkner (1806–1884).” Dictionary of Virginia Biography, Library of Virginia. 2016. https://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/dvb/bio.asp?b=Faulkner_Charles_James.
Processed by Meghan Glasbrenner in August 2023. Finding aid completed by Meghan Glasbrenner in August 2023.
- Guide to Letter to Hon. C. James Faulkner from Gideon G. Westcott, John Robbins, Jr., and James R. Ludlow
- Letter to Hon. C. James Faulkner from Gideon G. Westcott, John Robbins, Jr., and James R. Ludlow
- Meghan Glasbrenner
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